Treaty for the High Seas: The EU signed an unprecedented commitment to ocean protection
The treaty was agreed in March this year and still needs 60 ratifications to enter into force, but it is already a fundamental step to meeting the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Agreement. The treaty is designed to improve the ocean governance in the areas beyond national jurisdiction.
The ‘Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction' (BBNJ) treaty or ‘Treaty for the High Seas’ has been signed by the European Union in the margins of the UN General Assembly in New York. In addition to the EU as organisation, many countries signed the treaty.
What is it about?
Together with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) - which provides the legal framework for all activities in the oceans - and the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework - which commits to protecting at least 30% of the oceans by 2030 - it is a critical component of glo